In Mexico, archaeologists have unearthed the oldest in America, the burial in the pyramid
MEXICO city. Mexican and American archaeologists have unearthed in the state of Chiapas ancient Mesoamerican burial in the pyramid.
Exploring the settlement of Olmec culture’s most popular locales de corzo, the scientists stumbled upon the burial chamber area of 4×3 square meters, located at a depth of 7 meters under the ground. In ancient times, at this level there was a pyramid with a height of 6-7 m. the discovery from the National Institute of anthropology and history Mexico (INAH) believe that the pyramid was built especially for the repose of the deceased, who apparently belonged to the local elite.
“It was decorated with beads, composed of small and large balls of jade, inlaid with small pearls loincloth, crafts made of jade in various shapes, including jade lizards and vines in a style typical of the Olmec culture, the bracelets on her ankles, knees and hands, mask with eyes of green obsidian and pyrite from the mirror,” – said in a press release from INAH. Teeth men were inlaid with jade and mother of pearl. The skeleton was surrounded by 15 vases: black and white, black and gray, with a tragic story. After conducting numerous tests, scientists have found that the man died at the age of about 50 years at the beginning of the VIII century BC, When the burial was held the sacrifice: zabolottsy child (his skeleton with neatly folded hands, was found near a male) and buried alive a young girl approximately 20 years.
At some distance from the first burial chamber was found a second, smaller area of 2×3 meters In it lay the remains of a woman of the same age with a man buried in the first chamber. If the men’s remains were oriented East, female – West. In the second chamber were rich funerary gifts: the scattering of pearls, amber and jade decorations in the shape of birds and monkeys.
The head of excavations in Chiapas emiliano gallaga and the specialists of the research Center of Mayan culture Bruce bachand and Lynette Lowe carry the camera to rannapromenaad preclassic period, and believe that the findings have the potential for assignment of title of the oldest pyramid tombs of Mesoamerica. Previously, he belonged to the Mayan civilization. “For a thousand years before the construction of the pyramids of the Maya Royal burials here in most popular locales de corzo have used a pyramidal structure for the purpose of burial of the nobility,” say the historians.
Given that in North and South America at that time in the pyramids were not buried, the status of “oldest” fair to spread all over America.
To rely on the title of the ancient pyramids of America building: it belongs to a cone-shaped pyramid in San Lorenzo, which the bearers of Olmec culture was built about 3.4 thousand years ago