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The discovery of new, previously unknown group of the Mari tribes. Penny of the people’s militia of Minin and Pozharsky, minted in Yaroslavl in 1612. German counting tokens of the 17th – 18th centuries.

These beautifully illustrated books were published in the capital of Udmurtia Izhevsk and at the Academy of Sciences in Moscow. But interest in them is special in Kirov. As they are all devoted to the synthesis of archaeological material, discovered by scientists in the course of excavations of Mari burial grounds in the South of Kirov region.

Ludmila Sennikova Kadochnikova supervised the excavations of the burial mounds and co-authored a scientific monograph “Vyatka Mari”. The long-term operation with unique archeological and ethnographic material allowed to talk about the discovery of new, previously unknown group of the Mari tribes.

SENNIKOVA LYUDMILA, CANDIDATE of HISTORICAL SCIENCES, ARCHAEOLOGIST: “IN historical science and Ethnography, too, among archaeologists there had been some discussion about what we know of meadow Mari, mountain Mari know and like were there, a group of Vyatka Mari on archaeological material, this group is poorly traced – but large excavations have shown that this group is still archaeologically and ethnographically stands out”.

During the archeological excavations in Kadochnikova the burial ground was found more than 140 coins. Among them were unique, for example, the penny people’s opolcheniye and Pozharsky, minted in Yaroslavl in 1612. The numismatic material has been a subject of research for Elena Makarovoj – recognized expert in the field of the history of monetary circulation. Her research amounted to a special section of this edition. For example, an unusual finding German counting tokens of the 17th – 18th centuries, which speak to the extensive trade of Vyatka Mari with Western Europe. On exported grain, furs. Trade was conducted via Arkhangelsk. Often the German tokens were turned into elements of decoration of the Mari women.

MOKEROVA ELENA, CANDIDATE of HISTORICAL SCIENCES, researcher of the KIROV REGIONAL Museum of local LORE: “the Finno-Ugric peoples special relationship to coins is not always as banknotes coins they give magical properties, often coins were turned into jewelry – coin then performs the function of social prestige it shows how a wealthy family, if it is used in the decoration”.

Kazachkovsky the Imperial eagle raised another mystery – if it is considered that in ancient times, the Mari were distinguished by a low growth of 160 centimeters, among Vyatka Mari were discovered during the excavations giants just about two metres tall – and this is surprising not only archaeologists, but also local people, Mari. Presented in the library named after Herzen editions will allow readers to reflect on the past – up until the 1st century ad. By the way, the local history Museum has on display exhibits – detailed description of which is given in these unique publications on the archaeology and Ethnography of the Vyatka land.

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