Novosibirsk archeologists have found in Ecuador, the earliest ceramics in America
Scientists of Institute of archeology and Ethnography (iaat, Novosibirsk, Russia) during the second season of excavations was opened in Ecuador, the earliest ceramics on the continent, which, presumably, is from 5 to 5.5 thousand years old, told reporters Thursday head of the sector of archeology of foreign iaat Andrey Chubarev.
“This is the most ancient ceramics, which is available on the South American continent. All the findings that we obtained is the age of about 5-5,5 thousand years ago,” he said, adding that North America ceramics came later than in the South.
According to him, the findings were made during excavations in the monument real Alto on the coast of the Peninsula of Santa Elena, 1.5 km from the ocean, where excavations have been conducted a year earlier.
“If someone thinks that it looks like the wet tropics, it is wrong. This is the driest desert on the Peninsula 10 years there was no rain,” he said.
A. Tabarev told that scientists were able to detect the transition from the absence of ceramics to the period when production was started.
“For the first time we were able to record the same transition, which is very important for archaeologists, layer over layer, the transition from a culture of “beskaragaiskiy” to the culture of ceramic. This transition was in the thick layer of shells that we found last year,” he said.
According to him,the exact Dating of the transition is currently defined in the laboratories, however, according to preliminary data, pottery appeared about 5.5 – 5 thousand years ago.
It was also found about 30 figurines of clay and stone, on the floor of ancient dwellings were found equipment for the manufacture of pottery, painting, etc.
In addition, during the excavation were found two ancient burial, and they were different in ritual, one of them was buried a man 30-40 years old, whose well-preserved teeth.
“We took the tooth, and this tooth is now at Tohoku University in Japan, we hope to obtain genetic material for genetic analysis. This will be done for the first time, we have very little genetic material on ancient cultures in South America,” said A. Tabarev.
The analysis will allow to establish, in particular, whose descendants are the ancient inhabitants of South America and how was the colonization of the continent – was one wave of settlement, or more than one.
According to the scientist, representatives of the Valdivia culture at its middle and late stages built earthen platforms with an area of 300 square meters and a height of 1 m, which built the dwelling and ritual objects, and one of these pyramids can be real Alto and belong to an earlier period. Relevant data were obtained with GPR.
“When we talk about large earthen platforms, we’re talking about civilization, because we are talking about monumental structures. (…) If it turns out that this “pyramid” belongs to the early period of culture Valdivia, we’re about a thousand years, shifts the origin of civilization in South America,” he said.