Climate change killed ancient city of Mexico
The decline of the ancient cities in Mexico and in some other regions of contemporary Latin America could become a serious climate change that led to the departure of the residents, said the scientist, Director of the archaeological zone “Tajin” in Mexico Patricia Castillo peña.
According to her, similar climate changes occurred in the period between 850 and 1250 BC, the most critical period was in the years 1100-1200. “But on the ocean coast of Mexico, on the contrary, came the rain, there were flood height from two to four meters”, — said the archaeologist.
Peña believes that the same reason led to the decline of ancient cities in present-day Northern part of Peru, there played a role the ocean’s current. “That’s when it’s the worst thing in the history during “El niño”, which did away with many of the then centers of civilization, came the storms and the rains that rose the level of the sea, we had very strong winds,” said peña.
In Mexico, only 11 archaeological zones, which are considered cultural heritage of humanity. “Tajin” (state of Veracruz) is one of them. The town was founded around 850 ad and were built until about the year 1200.”Excavations in it have been going for 70 years, there have been many teams of researchers, however, have been excavated so far only about 20% of the territory, and we came to the conclusion that he appeared as one of the most important ceremonial centers of the Eastern coast of modern Mexico,” said peña.
“If you compare ancient Tajin to his contemporaries that the world is in Mexico, on the significance of it was as the Basilica of the virgin of Guadalupe (patroness of Mexico), where from all corners of the country attracts people, this place is sacred, but in the case of Tahini, the main God was Quetzalcoatl (feathered Serpent), and the city was dedicated to him,” he continued singing.
According to her, culture is what people were represented in the Tahina, are not reliably established. “Some scientists define it as the culture of the totonac, because they live now in these places, but in reality, the totonacs were there in XVII-XVIII centuries, they came in search of this Holy city because he knew about its existence”, — said the archaeologist.
In today’s “Tahina” — the largest concentration of characters among other archaeological sites of Mexico, but if the area was Maya epigraphy, in this place — the infographic. “It figures, and symbols that are read together, the name “Tajin” can be translated in different ways — wind, storm, rain,” said peña. Unfortunately, to establish exactly what the ancestors of the people living in the Tahina, yet. “In principle this could be done with the help of DNA analysis, but there is one problem — over 70 years of research in the “Tahina” is not found or some human remains,” said peña.
The cause of the decline of the ancient Tahina peña also believes climate change. “Two rivers, agradable the city overflowed their banks and flooded him and the people were forced to leave, this is my proof through excavations, not a theory, and the floods inside the city had reached the height of two meters,” said peña.
Tajin was the first ancient city from the number included in the list of cultural heritage of mankind, which uses the most modern laser and optical equipment, which allows you to conduct research, type of LIDAR system. “Previously this technique was used for military purposes, is now used for the study and preservation of the world,” says peña.