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Memory, history of the mound Saur-Grave to the destruction in the summer of 2014

Standing in the Donbass as a natural time hill called Saur–Grave. It consists of two parts. Top – towering above ground bulk mound with a diameter of thirty feet and a height of four meters.

And the lower, underground in the centre of which a grave was discovered relating to the zrubna culture. Down watched Saur – the Grave, as on the vast steppe covered with tall grass, were the ancient tribes.

After the “timber grave people”, the Cimmerians lived there, they were Vasyli far to the South the Scythians. Have lived in the area and the Avars, and Bulgarians, and Khazars, and Pechenegs, and Polovtsy, and the hordes of the Mongols.

At the end of the thirteenth century this area was inhabited by the don Cossacks, who for housing construction were used stones, clay, sand mined near the “Saur-Grave”. On its southern slope and now you can find the ancient quarries. Large allotment there and landowner Peter ilovaisky and others. The name of the hill goes a lot of legends.

Once upon a time there was an ancient lookout tower from which the Cossacks watched the steppe. When they saw the approaching Tatar cavalry, then immediately ignited the resin. Similar towers stood across the steppes into range, and the signal of impending danger quickly passed down the chain.

Hot day on duty in the tower with his companions brave the Kazak Surely Sava. Dragged suddenly, the sky black with clouds, cleared the strong wind, the thunder broke out, broke out the glow of lightning. This was able to take advantage of the Tartars and crept close to the tower.

When the Cossacks noticed, it was too late. Lit resin and steel to fend off the attacking Tatars, until he was convinced that the signal they received. Then they jumped down and tried to Wade through the enemy ring. In this, very scary Sich killed all brothers Cossack Saura, and with him a long time, the Tatars were unable to cope: he had no equal in saber combat.

But, it so happened that suddenly, from behind him threw the noose, fell to the ground dashing Cossack Saur. In that moment, roared, shook the earth and struck it a terrible force of thunder and the sky split in half by lightning. In that place, which killed the Cossack Saur grew up a huge mound. Since then, he’s called Saur – Grave.

The second version connects the name of the mound with occupying the spaces along the Donets river by the Slavic tribe of the Northern areas. It is not excluded that Saur – savur – North is the name of the collective.

But according to Professor E. S. Atina, the name is of Turkic origin. The word Saur denote the Turkic-speaking peoples of the steppe uplands of rounded shape. By the way, two of the hill with the same name exists in the Zaporozhye region.

Saw a lot and experienced a Cossack sentry post on the hill. Are unable one of the Cossacks to watch it — the heavy artillery shelling by the Ukrainian army used against the villagers. As a result of numerous shellings in August 2014, Donetsk areas, the memorial was destroyed.

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