Ancient buildings of the city of tyritake
The name of the ancient Greek city of tyritake mentioned in the essay Greek writer of the fifth century CE the Pseudo-Arrian, the author of geographical works “Detour Euxine Pontus”. About Tyritake mentions the ancient Greek scientist and geographer Claudius Ptolemy (90 – CA. 168 ad) who laid the foundations of the study, he listed about 8,000 cities and localities with a precise indication of their geographical coordinates. His treatise made 26 special maps. Stephen the Byzantine (527-565 G. G.), a philosopher of the Alexandrian school consisted of ethno-geographical dictionary “Ethnica” (“Description of peoples”), on the basis of earlier works of numerous Greek and Latin authors, the works which were later lost. The ancient city of tyritake, archaeologists found 11 km South of Kerch, has the shape of an irregular quadrilateral, acute angle facing South. The area of the ancient city is about 8.5 ha. During the excavations of the ancient settlement, archaeologists found the southern part of the settlement two rows of defensive walls, a width of 1.70 — 1.80 meters high, built in the V century BC
In the Western part of the city of tyritake discovered two sites of earlier city wall, a width of about 2 meters. In the masonry of the West wall was found two stone sculptures of the second Millennium BC they are now in Kerchenskaja. In IV — III centuries BC the defensive wall of the city of tyritake were rebuilt. In the southern part of the citadel were found the defensive tower I stacked dry, without mortar, of large squared limestone. At the southern fortress wall is open cobbled street of the Hellenistic period along which was a drain and a standing stone houses. In Roman times paved streets were covered with gravel. In the Central part of the southern area of the city excavated the street width 4,80-5,30 meters, paved with gravel and clay shards.To the North-East of it is partly investigated by archaeologists, the tower III. Between the guard towers left a trail from the city gates, through which entrance to the city on paved street. Tourists interested in the history and culture of ancient Greece, can visit the archaeological excavations of the ancient cities of the Crimea, and even take part in the search work of the expedition.
The tower II built right next to a defensive wall. In the North-Western wall, near a guard tower IV, built in the form of a trapezoid, located the city gate. In the corner of the quadrangular tower discovered loophole a height of 0.15 m, a width of 0.24 m and a wall made of rusticated slabs to a height of 2 meters.