Excavations in North-Western Armenia: the bronze Age South Caucasus
Colchis culture All this indicates a certain independence of the Colchis axe of late bronze age from the earlier, tube-head. On the other hand, not only in early axes of this type, but in their latest versions.
Customs the Custom of the premises of the deceased on the chariot, which dates back to bedeno-Alazani culture, was borrowed from the South, where burials with carts pulled by oxen, known from the beginning of the III Millennium BC. Trialeti.
Excavations in Anaklia by the way II, layer VI of Ameduri dated by the radiocarbon method twice – 1430, to D. E. and 3370 years (Mikeladze T. K. 1990. 22). This established pottery sequence does not contradict and accompanying material. Of the subjects.
Ancient settlements Designed a solid Foundation – the platform was covered with a wooden deck and seats woven from branches; these decks have served as floors of wooden buildings. On the settlements until they managed to trace only.
Excavations in the North of Western Armenia
Systematic excavations in North-Western Armenia (Harich) made a lot of new things in history. Here began the study of a single set of middle bronze age – presentano huge fortified settlement of rock type and about 80 excavated graves. The integrated approach provided an opportunity to identify the nature of the various stornetta of the aborigines, to establish the specificity of their material and spiritual culture (Khachatryan T. C, 1975.). Very expressive materials received during excavations of a burial ground in Chum salmon (Petrosjan L. A. 1973; 1976; 1984; 1989).
Excavations were carried out in other regions of Armenia. Very promising may be the further research of settlements and burial in Lori Berd near Stepanavan, the first excavations which have brought extremely impressive results (Devedjian S. G. 1972; 1974; 1976; 1981.). Trialeti burial type opened in the North-Eastern part of Armenia (Esayan, S. A., 1976) and South of the lake. Sevan.
Since the mid 70-ies begins a systematic survey of ancient monuments of the Republic with the ultimate aim of drafting an archaeological map of Armenia. To date, a large number of settlements and cemeteries of the middle bronze age; some of them have already studied. Among the open sites of the key position occupied burial Verin Naver, which carried out systematic excavations (Simonian, A. E. 1977; 1979; 1983; 1984a; 19876). Its scientific value is based on the seriation of the complexes obtained on the basis of modern techniques of field research.
This monument allowed A. E. Simonyan highlight the key features Kar-Mirandela culture (Simonian, A. E. 1982; 1984a; 1987A; 1990). In parallel, carried out excavations on the burial Aruch, where in contrast to the mostly humble graves of Verin Naver were discovered rich burials of the Trialeti culture in the period of its greatest prosperity (Areshian, G. E., 1979); these are not ordinary materials await their speedy publication.
During these years published and interpreted are open at different times different monuments of the middle bronze age in the vicinity of ELARA (Khanzadyan E. V. 1979. 60). Finally, a sensational event was the excavation of a burial ground in Qarashamb, where among other graves opened the “Royal” mound with unique inventory (Oganesyan V. Muradyan, F. 1986; Oganesyan, V. E. 1988,b; 1990).
Among the latter was a silver Cup with a hard-composition chekanami multi-tiered friezes, date back to the subjects of Indo-European mythology. Opening Karasunsky graves served as an impulse for further development of the most important problems srednemirovogo period of the Caucasus (Areshian G. E. et al. 1990). Unfortunately, not enough has been studied intensively monuments of middle bronze age on the territory of Azerbaijan. First finds with the written dishes here were made in the late XIX century on the outskirts of Nakhichevan.