The most important archaeological discoveries of the year
Archaeology magazine summed up the year and ranked the most important archaeological discoveries and findings.
1. Revealed the composition of a blue dye of the Maya. This paint used to paint Mayan captives destined for sacrifice to the gods. This discovery belongs to the anthropologist from the College Wheaton in Illinois to Dean Arnold. He analyzed the remnants of the substance in the sacrificial bowl, stored in the Chicago natural history Museum field. In the opinion of the scientist, the dye was made from Indigo leaves and clay.
2. In Peru, discovered the mummy of a man who belonged to the Wari culture donkovski, the mummy was at least 1,700 years. The mummy was found in August in burial hill in Lima’s district. The perfectly preserved mummy, she was wrapped in several layers of woolen fabric. On the face of the mummy was wearing a wooden mask, in the eye sockets enclosed blue sea shells. Judging by knitting needles and yarn Madam found near the mummy, it was the burial of a weaver.
3. In Turkey, the site of the ancient city of Samal discovered funerary stele Dating to the eighth century BC. The stele was discovered by the University of Chicago graduate students Virginia Rimmer and Benjamin Thomas. This 350-pound basalt, which bears the inscription of the Phoenician alphabet. In the inscription refers to a certain Kuttamuwa, made an offering of food for the soul, enclosed in this stele. This is evidence that in remineralizing century there already existed the belief that the soul can exist separately from the body.
4. No less important for science and this discovery in Eastern Oregon discovered coprolites. This is a tricky word for fossilized feces. They belonged to people who lived in this territory to 14,300 years ago, before the advent on the American continent the people of the Clovis culture. This discovery, made by Denis Jenkins, has allowed scientists to obtain DNA of the ancient inhabitants of the American continent.
5. In the labyrinth of thousands of caves in Afghanistan’s Bamiyan valley were found image, made with oil paints, Dating back to the middle of the seventh century. It was previously thought that oil paints appeared only in the twelfth century. International archaeological expedition discovered fifty caves whose walls are painted with paintings depicting religious scenes and scenes from Buddha’s life.
6. In the Elephant cave in the Sierra de Atapuerca, Northern Spain discovered a piece of human jaw with teeth remains. Spanish scientist Jose Castro, head of the archaeologists, the age of this find is 1.3 million years. Thus, the age of the first inhabitants of Europe, coming from Africa, increased by half a million years.
7. Anthropologist at Washington University in St. Louis analyzed the phalanges of the foot of a man found in the cave of Tanyang, near Beijing. He came to the conclusion that the person whose remains were studied, lived 42 thousand years ago, wore sturdy shoes.
8. At the bottom of the sea near the coast of Namibia discovered a treasure trove. Portuguese geologists discovered a Portuguese trade ship of the sixteenth century. In the captain’s cabin, scientists have found a chest of gold coins stamped with the image of the Spanish Royal couple Ferdinand and Isabella. On the ship were discovered the astrolabe, elephant tusks and 13 tons of copper ingots, Dating back to the sixteenth century.
9. In the Central part of Turkey during the excavations of the ancient city of Sagalassos, archaeologists discovered a large marble heads of Roman emperors: the head of the giant statue of Hadrian, which stood in the city baths, the fragments of the statues of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the elder, wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius.
10. In Chukotka, near the village Nuligran, archaeologists discovered a two-foot Tusk, which was elaborately carved with images of sea lions, bears, hunters armed with harpoons hunting boat kit. The age of the finds – 3 thousand years. This is the earliest evidence of a whale hunt.