Archaeology comes from two Greek words – “archae” means ancient and “logos” means “knowledge”; thus, “the knowledge or study of antiquities”. Archaeologist is much more than the character of Indiana Jones, chasing around the world looking for old artifacts to place them in the Museum. Archaeology is the science that studies ancient cultures by recovering and documenting materials from the past. Christian archaeology is the science of studying ancient cultures that influenced Christianity and Judaism, and on Jewish and Christian culture. Christian archaeologists trying to discover new things about the past – they are trying to confirm what we already know and to expand our understanding of the manners and customs of the peoples of the Bible.
Biblical texts and other written records are the most important information about the history of ancient biblical peoples that we have. But these records were left unanswered many questions. It is here on the scene of Christian archaeologists. They can fill in the partial picture presented by the biblical narrative. Excavations of ancient garbage dumps and abandoned cities have provided bits and pieces that give us the key to the past. The goal of Christian archaeology to check the most important truths of the old and New Testaments through the physical artifactory peoples.
Christian archaeology was an academic discipline until the nineteenth century. The Foundation of Christian archaeology was founded by such people as Johann Jahn, Edward Robinson, and sir Flinders Petrie. William Albright became the dominant figure in the twentieth century. Exactly Albright drew Christian archaeology to contemporary debates about the origin and authenticity of the biblical narrative. Albright and his students have provided most of the physical evidence described in the Bible historical events. However, today it seems that there are as many archeologists trying to disprove the Bible, and how many of those who proves its accuracy. Continue reading
The ancient Chinese were placed in burials of the bronze utensils to indicate the status of the relatives of the deceased
Archaeologists have proposed an alternative explanation for why ancient Chinese were placed in the graves of bronze and clay utensils. This was done not only to emphasize the status of the deceased, but also to increase the prestige of his heirs in the eyes of other members of the community.
Scientists engaged in the study of ancient Chinese ritual utensils of the bronze age (2100-221 BC), traditionally seen it as a way to establish social status of the deceased. The objects were placed in tombs, can be divided into two groups. First, it is carefully made of clay or bronze ritual vessels “lice”, which could be used with a practical purpose. The largest number was found “lice” refers to the period 1400-150 BC
The second group of ritual objects are things that due to brittle material or of irregular shape could not be used in life and were made specifically for placement in the grave. To such subjects – “mince” – include, for example, small terracotta figures.
In the burials Dating from the fourth century BC “mince” are often copies of “lice” and are richly decorated pottery vessels, reminiscent of the bronze samples.
Specialisto Chinese bronze and ceramics Joey Beckman from Beloit College (USA, Wisconsin) studied burials in the South of Hubei province, Dating back to IV–III centuries BC and belonged to the Chu Kingdom. The purpose of Professor Beckman was the study of objects placed in graves, and the explanation of the role played by two “sets” of these subjects: “mince and lice”. With the results of her work can be found in the journal Antiquity . Continue reading
Scientists have described findings that shed light on the rites of the ancient inhabitants of Siberia.
Land of the Novosibirsk region has been inhabited by people since ancient times. Here were found traces of a primitive people, the inhabitants of the medieval nomads of the iron age. Thousands of years ago there was a settlement and, perhaps, the ancient city. There was a developed trade network, representatives of different peoples exchanged goods and technologies, fought and organized unions. Some of the findings of scientists from the Novosibirsk Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences shed light on mystery stories, some create new puzzles.
So, in one of the graves of the Siberian warrior was discovered broadsword, rolled three times. According to the Deputy Director of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS, doctor of historical Sciences Michael Shunkov, when the life of a warrior it was a normal weapon with a length of about one meter. After death the body was burned, broadsword, according to the customs, also killed, shattering it.
Many interesting discoveries were made during excavations in the boneyard “Tartas -1” Vengerskom in the area. To date studied more than 600 funerary complexes. Found that people here lived from vremennaia and before the iron age. Most likely, they were different nationalities. This is indicated by a different treatment of the bodies. Found graves with the remains of a body, and with traces of cremation – more recent and complex ritual. Many graves are accompanied by additional burials.
For example, the burial of the person – apparently, the noble warrior is adjacent to two graves of horses. Some graves were plundered. As archaeologists believe, perhaps it was the attempt of his contemporaries to belittle the status of the deceased, outrage over his memory. Continue reading