Archaeology comes from two Greek words – “archae” means ancient and “logos” means “knowledge”; thus, “the knowledge or study of antiquities”. Archaeologist is much more than the character of Indiana Jones, chasing around the world looking for old artifacts to place them in the Museum. Archaeology is the science that studies ancient cultures by recovering and documenting materials from the past. Christian archaeology is the science of studying ancient cultures that influenced Christianity and Judaism, and on Jewish and Christian culture. Christian archaeologists trying to discover new things about the past – they are trying to confirm what we already know and to expand our understanding of the manners and customs of the peoples of the Bible.
Biblical texts and other written records are the most important information about the history of ancient biblical peoples that we have. But these records were left unanswered many questions. It is here on the scene of Christian archaeologists. They can fill in the partial picture presented by the biblical narrative. Excavations of ancient garbage dumps and abandoned cities have provided bits and pieces that give us the key to the past. The goal of Christian archaeology to check the most important truths of the old and New Testaments through the physical artifactory peoples.
Christian archaeology was an academic discipline until the nineteenth century. The Foundation of Christian archaeology was founded by such people as Johann Jahn, Edward Robinson, and sir Flinders Petrie. William Albright became the dominant figure in the twentieth century. Exactly Albright drew Christian archaeology to contemporary debates about the origin and authenticity of the biblical narrative. Albright and his students have provided most of the physical evidence described in the Bible historical events. However, today it seems that there are as many archeologists trying to disprove the Bible, and how many of those who proves its accuracy. Continue reading
The Sharjah archaeological Museum, located in the Emirate of Sharjah, in the quarter of al-Akbar near the science Museum is a permanent archive, which holds archaeological artifacts discovered on the territory of the Emirate. The opening of this interesting Museum was held in 1997, Archaeological excavations there started in Sharjah in 1970, Sheikh Sultan bin Muhammad al Qasimi, who at that time was the ruler of the Emirate, has attached special importance to culture and science. Sheikh wished that all the found archaeological materials were displayed in a creative and artistic style.
Currently, the Sharjah Archaeological Museum is one of the best museums in the world. This is a place where history is still alive in the city, since ancient times. The oldest exhibits of the archaeological Museum about 7 thousand years, while the Emirate was a swampy area, so here were the fishermen that now sounds very strange, given the current climate in the UAE.
All Museum exhibits were arranged in chronological order. Thanks presented in the Museum artifacts, coins, pottery and ceramic ware, jewelry, ancient military weapons and other exhibits, visitors can see how life changed for residents of the region, starting from the stone age to the present day. Here you can also review the layouts of domovi burials of different times, to follow the progress of the excavations and see the first forms of writing.
One of the most remarkable exhibits of the Archaeological Museum of Sharjah is a bronze artifact in the shape of a horse’s head, discovered during excavations in the town of Mleiha. Scientists suggest that the exhibit found was made in 150 ad Continue reading
MEXICO city. Mexican and American archaeologists have unearthed in the state of Chiapas ancient Mesoamerican burial in the pyramid.
Exploring the settlement of Olmec culture’s most popular locales de corzo, the scientists stumbled upon the burial chamber area of 4×3 square meters, located at a depth of 7 meters under the ground. In ancient times, at this level there was a pyramid with a height of 6-7 m. the discovery from the National Institute of anthropology and history Mexico (INAH) believe that the pyramid was built especially for the repose of the deceased, who apparently belonged to the local elite.
“It was decorated with beads, composed of small and large balls of jade, inlaid with small pearls loincloth, crafts made of jade in various shapes, including jade lizards and vines in a style typical of the Olmec culture, the bracelets on her ankles, knees and hands, mask with eyes of green obsidian and pyrite from the mirror,” – said in a press release from INAH. Teeth men were inlaid with jade and mother of pearl. The skeleton was surrounded by 15 vases: black and white, black and gray, with a tragic story. After conducting numerous tests, scientists have found that the man died at the age of about 50 years at the beginning of the VIII century BC, When the burial was held the sacrifice: zabolottsy child (his skeleton with neatly folded hands, was found near a male) and buried alive a young girl approximately 20 years.
At some distance from the first burial chamber was found a second, smaller area of 2×3 meters In it lay the remains of a woman of the same age with a man buried in the first chamber. If the men’s remains were oriented East, female – West. In the second chamber were rich funerary gifts: the scattering of pearls, amber and jade decorations in the shape of birds and monkeys. Continue reading