MEXICO city. Mexican and American archaeologists have unearthed in the state of Chiapas ancient Mesoamerican burial in the pyramid.
Exploring the settlement of Olmec culture’s most popular locales de corzo, the scientists stumbled upon the burial chamber area of 4×3 square meters, located at a depth of 7 meters under the ground. In ancient times, at this level there was a pyramid with a height of 6-7 m. the discovery from the National Institute of anthropology and history Mexico (INAH) believe that the pyramid was built especially for the repose of the deceased, who apparently belonged to the local elite.
“It was decorated with beads, composed of small and large balls of jade, inlaid with small pearls loincloth, crafts made of jade in various shapes, including jade lizards and vines in a style typical of the Olmec culture, the bracelets on her ankles, knees and hands, mask with eyes of green obsidian and pyrite from the mirror,” – said in a press release from INAH. Teeth men were inlaid with jade and mother of pearl. The skeleton was surrounded by 15 vases: black and white, black and gray, with a tragic story. After conducting numerous tests, scientists have found that the man died at the age of about 50 years at the beginning of the VIII century BC, When the burial was held the sacrifice: zabolottsy child (his skeleton with neatly folded hands, was found near a male) and buried alive a young girl approximately 20 years.
At some distance from the first burial chamber was found a second, smaller area of 2×3 meters In it lay the remains of a woman of the same age with a man buried in the first chamber. If the men’s remains were oriented East, female – West. In the second chamber were rich funerary gifts: the scattering of pearls, amber and jade decorations in the shape of birds and monkeys. Continue reading
Björn Menze of mit and Jason Ur from Harvard have developed a computerized method for the detection of ancient settlements based on satellite data and found the network of cities on the territory of modern Syria.
To search for settlements of ancient Mesopotamia on the territory of 23 thousand square kilometers archaeologists have worked in two directions at once. First, they used satellite images in different wavelength ranges to detect the so-called etrozole, – soils formed as a result of human activity and differing in color and higher content of organic substances. Data were processed automatically using a program written by one of the co-authors of the work, björn Menze, a specialist in the identification of tumors on digital images.
Secondly, the archaeologists used a bump map created in the framework of the program the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission using a radiosonde which was carried out in 2000, the Shuttle “endeavour”. Scholars interested in the place of exaltation of the landscape above the surrounding areas, what to maklovitsami about the long construction at this point. Analyzing the amount of elevation, the authors concluded that the duration of the existence of a settlement.
The resulting map contained about 14 thousands of alleged settlements that occurred in the study area over 8 thousand years. Archeologists noted that when comparing map data with the distribution of rivers and areas of heavy precipitation events, failed to detect large settlements that don’t provide sufficient water. A mismatch may affect the current view of archaeologists about the origin of irrigation, they said. Continue reading
Further studies will allow to reconstruct this area in a period when there lived ancient people, and also to carry out the analogy and connection with archaeological sites of the early Neolithic period.
YUZHNO-SAKHALINSK, 3 Dec — RIA Novosti. A group of archaeologists on Wednesday went on the Kuril island of Iturup to explore the ancient settlements of the early Neolithic, reported RIA Novosti employee of the Sakhalin regional Museum.
“The archaeological monuments of the early Neolithic, including a lot of Ankita-1 and Ankita-2, which will explore the expedition, situated at the foot of the volcano Bohdan Khmelnytsky. It is the most ancient Neolithic monuments known at present on the Kuril Islands. Their age by the method of radiocarbon Dating is defined in 7.5 to 8 thousand years,” — said the Agency interlocutor.
According to her, the results of previous studies of these sites in the summer of 2007 caused a great interest in scientific circles. In this regard, it was decided to continue the study sites by the method of stationary archaeological excavations, the purpose of which is an in-depth study of the processes of settlement of the Kuril Islands in the early Neolithic age, Primorsko adaptation of the ancient population, cultural ties with the peoples of neighboring territories and other topical problems of archaeology of the Kuril.
During this expedition,which will last three weeks, scientists will continue to research dwellings and cultural layers of ancient settlements of Ankita-1 and Ankita-2. Continue reading