The ancient city of Pompeii was founded in the 6th century BC If not for the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius, which burned the entire city to the ground, covering it with a huge layer of volcanic ash, Pompeii would still have existed near Naples. Now it is the ruins of which are UNESCO listed in the world heritage list.
The name of Pompeii had arisen after the merger of five independent cities (pumpe – five). This is a more plausible version. There is a legend that Hercules in a hard battle defeated the giant Geryon, and then solemnly walked through the city, celebrating the victory. With ancient Greek language pumpe – Grand, triumphal procession.
In those days people believed in God, and believed that the gods controlled earthly cataclysms. Despite the fact that on 5 February 62 ad, there was a severe earthquake, which could give rise to the eruption of the volcano, people still continued to live in the city, worship the gods, and believing that will never happen misfortune. Yet the volcano erupted. It happened on August 24 79 ad Suffered not only Pompeii but also the nearby towns Herculaneum, Stabiae. The eruption was so strong that the ashes reached even to the neighbouring States of Egypt and Syria. The city lived about 20 thousand people. Some managed to escape before the disaster, but many died. The exact number of victims is unknown, but the remains of the bodies were found far outside of the city.
Herodotus was under a layer of ashes for hundreds of years until in 1592 Domenico Fontana (well-known architect of that time) came across the city wall during the laying of the channel from the river Sarno. No one betrayed this wall is of great importance, and only after about 100 years in the ruins of Pompeii was found a plaque, with carved on it the inscription – “Pompeii”. Even after this incident no one could have imagined that this ancient city which disappeared from the face of the earth. Concluded that it is an old Villa of Pompey the Great. Continue reading
July 17 TRANS-Baikal territory Governor Konstantin Ilkovsky visited archaeological site in the village of Konduy Borzinsky district. At the archaeological camp, there are about 50 people – scientists, students, schoolchildren, people of different professions, lovers of archeology. The head of the region noted that the region is richly historical and unique archaeological monuments.
“Kandulski Palace is part of the global nomadic culture. Surprised that 800 years ago, people without special tools, using modern technology, was able to mathematically calculate, to design, to process and deliver building material. Unfortunately, we treat such objects are not so carefully as we would like. First, it is not under global archaeological research, and secondly, about these unique monuments knows only a narrow circle of specialists and a wider audience is unaware of them. I am glad that today there is a chief of RAS, Professor, far Eastern Federal University Nikolai Kradin, TRANS-Baikal state University professors, students, pupils. Because they are monuments of Federal importance, the work on the study and conservation must be conducted by the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation jointly with the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation, Continue reading
The decline of the ancient cities in Mexico and in some other regions of contemporary Latin America could become a serious climate change that led to the departure of the residents, said the scientist, Director of the archaeological zone “Tajin” in Mexico Patricia Castillo peña.
According to her, similar climate changes occurred in the period between 850 and 1250 BC, the most critical period was in the years 1100-1200. “But on the ocean coast of Mexico, on the contrary, came the rain, there were flood height from two to four meters”, — said the archaeologist.
Peña believes that the same reason led to the decline of ancient cities in present-day Northern part of Peru, there played a role the ocean’s current. “That’s when it’s the worst thing in the history during “El niño”, which did away with many of the then centers of civilization, came the storms and the rains that rose the level of the sea, we had very strong winds,” said peña.
In Mexico, only 11 archaeological zones, which are considered cultural heritage of humanity. “Tajin” (state of Veracruz) is one of them. The town was founded around 850 ad and were built until about the year 1200.”Excavations in it have been going for 70 years, there have been many teams of researchers, however, have been excavated so far only about 20% of the territory, and we came to the conclusion that he appeared as one of the most important ceremonial centers of the Eastern coast of modern Mexico,” said peña.
“If you compare ancient Tajin to his contemporaries that the world is in Mexico, on the significance of it was as the Basilica of the virgin of Guadalupe (patroness of Mexico), where from all corners of the country attracts people, this place is sacred, but in the case of Tahini, the main God was Quetzalcoatl (feathered Serpent), and the city was dedicated to him,” he continued singing. Continue reading