MEXICO city. Mexican and American archaeologists have unearthed in the state of Chiapas ancient Mesoamerican burial in the pyramid.
Exploring the settlement of Olmec culture’s most popular locales de corzo, the scientists stumbled upon the burial chamber area of 4×3 square meters, located at a depth of 7 meters under the ground. In ancient times, at this level there was a pyramid with a height of 6-7 m. the discovery from the National Institute of anthropology and history Mexico (INAH) believe that the pyramid was built especially for the repose of the deceased, who apparently belonged to the local elite.
“It was decorated with beads, composed of small and large balls of jade, inlaid with small pearls loincloth, crafts made of jade in various shapes, including jade lizards and vines in a style typical of the Olmec culture, the bracelets on her ankles, knees and hands, mask with eyes of green obsidian and pyrite from the mirror,” – said in a press release from INAH. Teeth men were inlaid with jade and mother of pearl. The skeleton was surrounded by 15 vases: black and white, black and gray, with a tragic story. After conducting numerous tests, scientists have found that the man died at the age of about 50 years at the beginning of the VIII century BC, When the burial was held the sacrifice: zabolottsy child (his skeleton with neatly folded hands, was found near a male) and buried alive a young girl approximately 20 years.
At some distance from the first burial chamber was found a second, smaller area of 2×3 meters In it lay the remains of a woman of the same age with a man buried in the first chamber. If the men’s remains were oriented East, female – West. In the second chamber were rich funerary gifts: the scattering of pearls, amber and jade decorations in the shape of birds and monkeys. Continue reading
In Honduras found traces of an ancient civilization. Scientists argue about whether it is possible to consider this sensational discovery of the legendary “White city”.
The results of the expedition to remote and poorly explored jungles of Eastern Honduras demonstrated in 2012, the scanning of the region from the plane: scientists have discovered relics of an ancient civilization that existed before the emergence in Latin America of the Spanish conquistadors. However, archaeologists and historians argue about whether an ancient settlement in La moskitia the legendary “White city”, which was inhabited by an unknown highly advanced culture, like the Mayan culture. German American specialist Nikolai Grube, in particular, cautioned against hasty conclusions, pointing out that the existence of civilization can only speak on the basis of several settlements.
As reported on Monday, March 2, the National Geographic magazine, the expedition discovered the remains in the jungle areas, earthworks and pyramids. Also found the head of the statue depicting a mythical creature – half human, half Jaguar. Scholars date the ruins, which are almost no traces of intrusion, the period between 1000 and 1400 ad, the Opening was made possible in 2012 thanks to the technology of laser scanning, which pozvolila the air to observe the surface of the soil under the jungle of Honduras. Continue reading
Archaeology magazine summed up the year and ranked the most important archaeological discoveries and findings.
1. Revealed the composition of a blue dye of the Maya. This paint used to paint Mayan captives destined for sacrifice to the gods. This discovery belongs to the anthropologist from the College Wheaton in Illinois to Dean Arnold. He analyzed the remnants of the substance in the sacrificial bowl, stored in the Chicago natural history Museum field. In the opinion of the scientist, the dye was made from Indigo leaves and clay.
2. In Peru, discovered the mummy of a man who belonged to the Wari culture donkovski, the mummy was at least 1,700 years. The mummy was found in August in burial hill in Lima’s district. The perfectly preserved mummy, she was wrapped in several layers of woolen fabric. On the face of the mummy was wearing a wooden mask, in the eye sockets enclosed blue sea shells. Judging by knitting needles and yarn Madam found near the mummy, it was the burial of a weaver.
3. In Turkey, the site of the ancient city of Samal discovered funerary stele Dating to the eighth century BC. The stele was discovered by the University of Chicago graduate students Virginia Rimmer and Benjamin Thomas. This 350-pound basalt, which bears the inscription of the Phoenician alphabet. In the inscription refers to a certain Kuttamuwa, made an offering of food for the soul, enclosed in this stele. This is evidence that in remineralizing century there already existed the belief that the soul can exist separately from the body. Continue reading