The ancient Chinese were placed in burials of the bronze utensils to indicate the status of the relatives of the deceased
Archaeologists have proposed an alternative explanation for why ancient Chinese were placed in the graves of bronze and clay utensils. This was done not only to emphasize the status of the deceased, but also to increase the prestige of his heirs in the eyes of other members of the community.
Scientists engaged in the study of ancient Chinese ritual utensils of the bronze age (2100-221 BC), traditionally seen it as a way to establish social status of the deceased. The objects were placed in tombs, can be divided into two groups. First, it is carefully made of clay or bronze ritual vessels “lice”, which could be used with a practical purpose. The largest number was found “lice” refers to the period 1400-150 BC
The second group of ritual objects are things that due to brittle material or of irregular shape could not be used in life and were made specifically for placement in the grave. To such subjects – “mince” – include, for example, small terracotta figures.
In the burials Dating from the fourth century BC “mince” are often copies of “lice” and are richly decorated pottery vessels, reminiscent of the bronze samples.
Specialisto Chinese bronze and ceramics Joey Beckman from Beloit College (USA, Wisconsin) studied burials in the South of Hubei province, Dating back to IV–III centuries BC and belonged to the Chu Kingdom. The purpose of Professor Beckman was the study of objects placed in graves, and the explanation of the role played by two “sets” of these subjects: “mince and lice”. With the results of her work can be found in the journal Antiquity . Continue reading
Archaeologists have deciphered the texts of ancient Babylonian cuneiform tablets with astronomical calculations. This example mathematical and geometrical astronomy was the earliest known to science. As reported in the journal Science, the analysis of the plates showed that the ancient Babylonians used geometric methods of computation for determining the position of Jupiter in advance of the Europeans. Contrary to previous views of scientists, it was found that V.
Archaeologists have found new Stonehenge
Next to Stonehenge was found hidden under a layer of earth monolithic stone blocks, reports “bi-Bi-si”. New Stonehenge or superking can be part of the largest British monument of the Neolithic era, according to archaeologists. Stones age 4.5 thousand years reach a length of 4.5 meters. Giant boulders were found at a depth of 0.9 meters from the largest stone age settlement in Darington-uolls. The project team.
Excavations of the “Crimean Atlantis” resumed
Near Kerch, near the village of Naberezhne (Leninsky district of the Crimea), started a new field season of the archaeological expedition, which operates in a flooded sea the city of Acre. Due to the fact that a large part of the monument at present is hidden under the water, the media is often called acre “Crimean Atlantis”. The beginning of work was reported by the press service of the Institute of history of material culture RAS (St.-Petersburg). This. Continue reading
The decline of the ancient cities in Mexico and in some other regions of contemporary Latin America could become a serious climate change that led to the departure of the residents, said the scientist, Director of the archaeological zone “Tajin” in Mexico Patricia Castillo peña.
According to her, similar climate changes occurred in the period between 850 and 1250 BC, the most critical period was in the years 1100-1200. “But on the ocean coast of Mexico, on the contrary, came the rain, there were flood height from two to four meters”, — said the archaeologist.
Peña believes that the same reason led to the decline of ancient cities in present-day Northern part of Peru, there played a role the ocean’s current. “That’s when it’s the worst thing in the history during “El niño”, which did away with many of the then centers of civilization, came the storms and the rains that rose the level of the sea, we had very strong winds,” said peña.
In Mexico, only 11 archaeological zones, which are considered cultural heritage of humanity. “Tajin” (state of Veracruz) is one of them. The town was founded around 850 ad and were built until about the year 1200.”Excavations in it have been going for 70 years, there have been many teams of researchers, however, have been excavated so far only about 20% of the territory, and we came to the conclusion that he appeared as one of the most important ceremonial centers of the Eastern coast of modern Mexico,” said peña.
“If you compare ancient Tajin to his contemporaries that the world is in Mexico, on the significance of it was as the Basilica of the virgin of Guadalupe (patroness of Mexico), where from all corners of the country attracts people, this place is sacred, but in the case of Tahini, the main God was Quetzalcoatl (feathered Serpent), and the city was dedicated to him,” he continued singing. Continue reading