One of the main contentious issues between creationists and evolutionists — how fossils were formed gradually, over millions of years, or as a result of catastrophes on a planetary scale?
The fossils that scientists find in different parts of the globe presented a wide variety of life forms ( Fig. 70 ). It and entire organisms frozen in the ice, and the bones or teeth, hardened as a result of mineralization, and insects trapped deep in the amber, and imprints of leaves or other parts of plants, bones, and animal tracks, etc. are Often preserved parts of the skeleton, but sometimes in the fossils become more and soft tissue.
The process of fossilization seems mysterious to scientists. After all, nobody has been able to reproduce it in the laboratory. Evolutionists assume that the remains of plants and animal remains appeared in different layers of the Earth as a result of a lengthy process. In the textbooks of Geology usually given the following explanation. The mineralization occurs in a gradual accumulation of salts in the tissues. Molecules of organic substances being washed away, replaced by the salts of silicon. As examples tend to be imprints of leaves and feathers of birds, formed by the indentation of objects in the soft silt, which then, after getting hard, turned to stone. It is obvious that animals,corpses have been found completely preserved in blocks of ice, died suddenly.
For a more complete understanding of the process of formation of fossils refer to the examples. It is known that all the dead in our days, living beings decompose. Sleeping fish floats on the surface of the water and gradually starts to succumb to the processes of decomposition. The corpses of the dead animals on land either eaten by predators or decompose rapidly. Dead plants are also destroyed in relatively short periods of time. Continue reading
Björn Menze of mit and Jason Ur from Harvard have developed a computerized method for the detection of ancient settlements based on satellite data and found the network of cities on the territory of modern Syria.
To search for settlements of ancient Mesopotamia on the territory of 23 thousand square kilometers archaeologists have worked in two directions at once. First, they used satellite images in different wavelength ranges to detect the so-called etrozole, – soils formed as a result of human activity and differing in color and higher content of organic substances. Data were processed automatically using a program written by one of the co-authors of the work, björn Menze, a specialist in the identification of tumors on digital images.
Secondly, the archaeologists used a bump map created in the framework of the program the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission using a radiosonde which was carried out in 2000, the Shuttle “endeavour”. Scholars interested in the place of exaltation of the landscape above the surrounding areas, what to maklovitsami about the long construction at this point. Analyzing the amount of elevation, the authors concluded that the duration of the existence of a settlement.
The resulting map contained about 14 thousands of alleged settlements that occurred in the study area over 8 thousand years. Archeologists noted that when comparing map data with the distribution of rivers and areas of heavy precipitation events, failed to detect large settlements that don’t provide sufficient water. A mismatch may affect the current view of archaeologists about the origin of irrigation, they said. Continue reading
Further studies will allow to reconstruct this area in a period when there lived ancient people, and also to carry out the analogy and connection with archaeological sites of the early Neolithic period.
YUZHNO-SAKHALINSK, 3 Dec — RIA Novosti. A group of archaeologists on Wednesday went on the Kuril island of Iturup to explore the ancient settlements of the early Neolithic, reported RIA Novosti employee of the Sakhalin regional Museum.
“The archaeological monuments of the early Neolithic, including a lot of Ankita-1 and Ankita-2, which will explore the expedition, situated at the foot of the volcano Bohdan Khmelnytsky. It is the most ancient Neolithic monuments known at present on the Kuril Islands. Their age by the method of radiocarbon Dating is defined in 7.5 to 8 thousand years,” — said the Agency interlocutor.
According to her, the results of previous studies of these sites in the summer of 2007 caused a great interest in scientific circles. In this regard, it was decided to continue the study sites by the method of stationary archaeological excavations, the purpose of which is an in-depth study of the processes of settlement of the Kuril Islands in the early Neolithic age, Primorsko adaptation of the ancient population, cultural ties with the peoples of neighboring territories and other topical problems of archaeology of the Kuril.
During this expedition,which will last three weeks, scientists will continue to research dwellings and cultural layers of ancient settlements of Ankita-1 and Ankita-2. Continue reading