Scientists are starting the search in the Gulf of Mexico the remains of the asteroid that killed the dinosaurs
A group of geologists proceed with installation of the drilling rig, which will be located in the Gulf of Mexico. Experts hope to find the remains of the asteroid, 65 million years ago caused the death of the dinosaurs.
This writes the online edition of Science. According to the official version, at the end of the Cretaceous period fell to Earth 10-kilometer asteroid. It is believed that he collapsed on the territory of modern South of Mexico. He left behind a 18-kilometer crater with a depth of 20 km.
She was flooded by the ocean. Scientists believe that the force of the explosion of the asteroid was comparable to the power of the explosion of hundreds of thousands of nuclear bomu capacity of 240 million megatons of TNT.
The falling asteroid caused a huge tsunami and raised a cloud of dust that hid the planet’s surface from the Sun for decades. This has led to the death of plants and animals weighing more than 25 kg.
The search will be conducted by geologists of the British geological survey and their colleagues from the United States. Underwater excavations will spend in the crater of Chicxulub, which appeared after the fall of the asteroid. Continue reading
The ancient city of Pompeii was founded in the 6th century BC If not for the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius, which burned the entire city to the ground, covering it with a huge layer of volcanic ash, Pompeii would still have existed near Naples. Now it is the ruins of which are UNESCO listed in the world heritage list.
The name of Pompeii had arisen after the merger of five independent cities (pumpe – five). This is a more plausible version. There is a legend that Hercules in a hard battle defeated the giant Geryon, and then solemnly walked through the city, celebrating the victory. With ancient Greek language pumpe – Grand, triumphal procession.
In those days people believed in God, and believed that the gods controlled earthly cataclysms. Despite the fact that on 5 February 62 ad, there was a severe earthquake, which could give rise to the eruption of the volcano, people still continued to live in the city, worship the gods, and believing that will never happen misfortune. Yet the volcano erupted. It happened on August 24 79 ad Suffered not only Pompeii but also the nearby towns Herculaneum, Stabiae. The eruption was so strong that the ashes reached even to the neighbouring States of Egypt and Syria. The city lived about 20 thousand people. Some managed to escape before the disaster, but many died. The exact number of victims is unknown, but the remains of the bodies were found far outside of the city.
Herodotus was under a layer of ashes for hundreds of years until in 1592 Domenico Fontana (well-known architect of that time) came across the city wall during the laying of the channel from the river Sarno. No one betrayed this wall is of great importance, and only after about 100 years in the ruins of Pompeii was found a plaque, with carved on it the inscription – “Pompeii”. Even after this incident no one could have imagined that this ancient city which disappeared from the face of the earth. Concluded that it is an old Villa of Pompey the Great. Continue reading
Scientists have described findings that shed light on the rites of the ancient inhabitants of Siberia.
Land of the Novosibirsk region has been inhabited by people since ancient times. Here were found traces of a primitive people, the inhabitants of the medieval nomads of the iron age. Thousands of years ago there was a settlement and, perhaps, the ancient city. There was a developed trade network, representatives of different peoples exchanged goods and technologies, fought and organized unions. Some of the findings of scientists from the Novosibirsk Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences shed light on mystery stories, some create new puzzles.
So, in one of the graves of the Siberian warrior was discovered broadsword, rolled three times. According to the Deputy Director of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS, doctor of historical Sciences Michael Shunkov, when the life of a warrior it was a normal weapon with a length of about one meter. After death the body was burned, broadsword, according to the customs, also killed, shattering it.
Many interesting discoveries were made during excavations in the boneyard “Tartas -1” Vengerskom in the area. To date studied more than 600 funerary complexes. Found that people here lived from vremennaia and before the iron age. Most likely, they were different nationalities. This is indicated by a different treatment of the bodies. Found graves with the remains of a body, and with traces of cremation – more recent and complex ritual. Many graves are accompanied by additional burials.
For example, the burial of the person – apparently, the noble warrior is adjacent to two graves of horses. Some graves were plundered. As archaeologists believe, perhaps it was the attempt of his contemporaries to belittle the status of the deceased, outrage over his memory. Continue reading