Archaeology comes from two Greek words – “archae” means ancient and “logos” means “knowledge”; thus, “the knowledge or study of antiquities”. Archaeologist is much more than the character of Indiana Jones, chasing around the world looking for old artifacts to place them in the Museum. Archaeology is the science that studies ancient cultures by recovering and documenting materials from the past. Christian archaeology is the science of studying ancient cultures that influenced Christianity and Judaism, and on Jewish and Christian culture. Christian archaeologists trying to discover new things about the past – they are trying to confirm what we already know and to expand our understanding of the manners and customs of the peoples of the Bible.
Biblical texts and other written records are the most important information about the history of ancient biblical peoples that we have. But these records were left unanswered many questions. It is here on the scene of Christian archaeologists. They can fill in the partial picture presented by the biblical narrative. Excavations of ancient garbage dumps and abandoned cities have provided bits and pieces that give us the key to the past. The goal of Christian archaeology to check the most important truths of the old and New Testaments through the physical artifactory peoples.
Christian archaeology was an academic discipline until the nineteenth century. The Foundation of Christian archaeology was founded by such people as Johann Jahn, Edward Robinson, and sir Flinders Petrie. William Albright became the dominant figure in the twentieth century. Exactly Albright drew Christian archaeology to contemporary debates about the origin and authenticity of the biblical narrative. Albright and his students have provided most of the physical evidence described in the Bible historical events. However, today it seems that there are as many archeologists trying to disprove the Bible, and how many of those who proves its accuracy. Continue reading
The ancient city of Pompeii was founded in the 6th century BC If not for the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius, which burned the entire city to the ground, covering it with a huge layer of volcanic ash, Pompeii would still have existed near Naples. Now it is the ruins of which are UNESCO listed in the world heritage list.
The name of Pompeii had arisen after the merger of five independent cities (pumpe – five). This is a more plausible version. There is a legend that Hercules in a hard battle defeated the giant Geryon, and then solemnly walked through the city, celebrating the victory. With ancient Greek language pumpe – Grand, triumphal procession.
In those days people believed in God, and believed that the gods controlled earthly cataclysms. Despite the fact that on 5 February 62 ad, there was a severe earthquake, which could give rise to the eruption of the volcano, people still continued to live in the city, worship the gods, and believing that will never happen misfortune. Yet the volcano erupted. It happened on August 24 79 ad Suffered not only Pompeii but also the nearby towns Herculaneum, Stabiae. The eruption was so strong that the ashes reached even to the neighbouring States of Egypt and Syria. The city lived about 20 thousand people. Some managed to escape before the disaster, but many died. The exact number of victims is unknown, but the remains of the bodies were found far outside of the city.
Herodotus was under a layer of ashes for hundreds of years until in 1592 Domenico Fontana (well-known architect of that time) came across the city wall during the laying of the channel from the river Sarno. No one betrayed this wall is of great importance, and only after about 100 years in the ruins of Pompeii was found a plaque, with carved on it the inscription – “Pompeii”. Even after this incident no one could have imagined that this ancient city which disappeared from the face of the earth. Concluded that it is an old Villa of Pompey the Great. Continue reading
Perhaps in a short time on excavations in the village of don, the Azov area are detected unusual underwater finds. At the mouth of the don river, archaeologists found, presumably, the ancient Greek port city. Flooded stone walls and artifacts, which the waves carried to the shore, and geophysical exploration of seabed, scientists incline towards valuable discoveries. Today, specialists carry out underwater exploration.
Farm herd often comes to this place, while on the island don in the water around the mouth of the don. It turned out that horses resting at the walls of the ancient port city, which lies right beside their hooves under the water and sand. Scientists suggest that even in the fourth century BC on this place lived the ancient Greeks, the contemporaries of Alexander the great and Aristotle.
“Through this territory, we held a major trade route. He went out in the sea of Azov and ran next to the Taman Peninsula in the Crimea, where the main Greek trading post”, — explains senior researcher of the southern scientific center of Russian Academy of Sciences Irina Tolochko.
The sea of Azov to the ancient Greeks, as for us, Siberia, seemed a harsh edge. Came here the most enterprising and adventurous Hellenes. They arrived Sudas sole purpose is to trade and earn. When it is in this deep place, from century to century were moored large ships loaded, and from here on small boats, the goods were transported to markets, for example, in Azak, modern basics. Continue reading