Security full-scale rescue excavations of archaeological sites within the area of Olympic construction.
Archaeological excavations included in the project “Protection of Imereti lowland”. In the course of this year planned excavations of the settlements of the early iron age Fun 1, Fun 2, Southern cultures 1 and the early Christian Church, reports RIA Novosti.
Before in the area of monuments construction begins, they need to explore, get all sorts of scientific data, thereby preserving information about the distant past. For this purpose at these sites is necessary to conduct archaeological excavations.
It is interesting that earlier territory of the Imereti lowland was considered not very promising for the archaeological community, but the construction of Olympic facilities has prompted the archaeologists to start the excavation.
“On the territory of Sochi is the first large-scale excavations of the monuments of this time. Them (the excavations) were conducted. In fact, this area in the archaeological value are very poorly studied,” said head of the Sochi group of the Institute of archaeology RAS novel in Passing. Continue reading
The decline of the ancient cities in Mexico and in some other regions of contemporary Latin America could become a serious climate change that led to the departure of the residents, said the scientist, Director of the archaeological zone “Tajin” in Mexico Patricia Castillo peña.
According to her, similar climate changes occurred in the period between 850 and 1250 BC, the most critical period was in the years 1100-1200. “But on the ocean coast of Mexico, on the contrary, came the rain, there were flood height from two to four meters”, — said the archaeologist.
Peña believes that the same reason led to the decline of ancient cities in present-day Northern part of Peru, there played a role the ocean’s current. “That’s when it’s the worst thing in the history during “El niño”, which did away with many of the then centers of civilization, came the storms and the rains that rose the level of the sea, we had very strong winds,” said peña.
In Mexico, only 11 archaeological zones, which are considered cultural heritage of humanity. “Tajin” (state of Veracruz) is one of them. The town was founded around 850 ad and were built until about the year 1200.”Excavations in it have been going for 70 years, there have been many teams of researchers, however, have been excavated so far only about 20% of the territory, and we came to the conclusion that he appeared as one of the most important ceremonial centers of the Eastern coast of modern Mexico,” said peña.
“If you compare ancient Tajin to his contemporaries that the world is in Mexico, on the significance of it was as the Basilica of the virgin of Guadalupe (patroness of Mexico), where from all corners of the country attracts people, this place is sacred, but in the case of Tahini, the main God was Quetzalcoatl (feathered Serpent), and the city was dedicated to him,” he continued singing. Continue reading
The name of the ancient Greek city of tyritake mentioned in the essay Greek writer of the fifth century CE the Pseudo-Arrian, the author of geographical works “Detour Euxine Pontus”. About Tyritake mentions the ancient Greek scientist and geographer Claudius Ptolemy (90 – CA. 168 ad) who laid the foundations of the study, he listed about 8,000 cities and localities with a precise indication of their geographical coordinates. His treatise made 26 special maps. Stephen the Byzantine (527-565 G. G.), a philosopher of the Alexandrian school consisted of ethno-geographical dictionary “Ethnica” (“Description of peoples”), on the basis of earlier works of numerous Greek and Latin authors, the works which were later lost. The ancient city of tyritake, archaeologists found 11 km South of Kerch, has the shape of an irregular quadrilateral, acute angle facing South. The area of the ancient city is about 8.5 ha. During the excavations of the ancient settlement, archaeologists found the southern part of the settlement two rows of defensive walls, a width of 1.70 — 1.80 meters high, built in the V century BC
In the Western part of the city of tyritake discovered two sites of earlier city wall, a width of about 2 meters. In the masonry of the West wall was found two stone sculptures of the second Millennium BC they are now in Kerchenskaja. In IV — III centuries BC the defensive wall of the city of tyritake were rebuilt. In the southern part of the citadel were found the defensive tower I stacked dry, without mortar, of large squared limestone. At the southern fortress wall is open cobbled street of the Hellenistic period along which was a drain and a standing stone houses. In Roman times paved streets were covered with gravel. In the Central part of the southern area of the city excavated the street width 4,80-5,30 meters, paved with gravel and clay shards. Continue reading