In the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul, presents rare works of art belonging to ancient civilizations in different regions from Balkans to Africa, from Anatolia and Mesopotamia to Arab Peninsula and Afghanistan that were part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1881, six years after the transfer of the Imperial Museum of antiquities and weapons from the Church. Irina in the pavilion was Repaired its Director was a prominent Turkish intellectual, artist and archaeologist Osman Hamdi Bey (1842-1910). The new Director has actively worked to transform the Museum . resembling just a warehouse of antique items of various values. Under his leadership, the archaeological excavations on the territory of the Ottoman Empire enriched the collection of the Museum many priceless masterpieces.
In 1891 under the order of Osman Hamdi Bey in Istanbul the famous architect, educated in Paris, Alexander Valluri (1850-1921) built a new building of the Archaeological Museum . called the Museum of sarcophagi (Asar-ı-Atika). In 1903, in connection with the increase in the number of exhibits were added the North wing, and in 1907 and South. In the design of the façade of this neoclassical building is clearly traced the motifs of the style of the most famous exhibits is the sarcophagus of Alexander and the Wailers. In one hundred years (1991) to meet the needs of a modern Museum . to the South-Eastern facade of the old Archaeological Museum prystailove, six-story building, first two floors are used as storage. The greatest interest among the exhibits on display in the old building of the Archaeological Museum are the marble sarcophagi of Royal (IV BC) from the necropolis of Sidon (Sidon, Lebanon). This is the sarcophagus of Sidon Abdalonymos called sarcophagus of Alexander the great, because the decorative friezes on its two long sides depict the scenes of battle and hunting with the participation of the great commander. And the tomb of STRATO, called the sarcophagus of the mourning women, because of the abundance of the weeping inmates of the harem of the voluptuous lords. There is also a collection of sculpture from the archaic period to the Byzantine Empire. The results of archaeological excavations in the valley of the Meander, Aphrodisias, Ephesus, Miletus and Manisa. Continue reading
In Krasnoyarsk region have found traces of Neolithic settlements. Her age — 6 thousand years. Scientists suggest that here was located one of the first metallurgical production. Traces of ancient civilization discovered during the laying of power lines in Kezhemsk district, Krasnoyarsk territory. “Archaeological object was found in the area where was going to start work on laying of transmission lines from Boguchanskaya HPP to the village Tayshet”, — told in the press service of the SFU. Explore the find invited students and teachers of historical-philosophical faculty, and staff of the laboratory of archeology, Ethnography and history of Siberia Institute for the Humanities, SFU. Specialists have found that the age of the settlement, which was called “the Parking lot Itomura” (named after the closest Creek), — about 6 thousand years.
In total, the excavation found about 9 thousand of artifacts of different eras: the early iron age, the bronze age and the last stage of the stone age. Among the artifacts included iron arrowheads, knives, namesnik harness deer, stone hammers, teachnique, anvils and fragments of pottery. In addition, the excavations also produced samples of charcoal and soil from the cultural layers, hearths, vessels and ancient economic holes. Scientists believe that in ancient times there were engaged in metallurgy.
The layer of earth in which hranitelnitsa the number of artifacts that dates back to the early Neolithic period in Siberia it started about 6.5 million years ago. As noted, laboratory of archaeology, Ethnography and history of Siberia GI SFU Pauline Senotrusova, up to the present time in this part of the Boguchansky district did not find such ancient settlements. Continue reading
Further studies will allow to reconstruct this area in a period when there lived ancient people, and also to carry out the analogy and connection with archaeological sites of the early Neolithic period.
YUZHNO-SAKHALINSK, 3 Dec — RIA Novosti. A group of archaeologists on Wednesday went on the Kuril island of Iturup to explore the ancient settlements of the early Neolithic, reported RIA Novosti employee of the Sakhalin regional Museum.
“The archaeological monuments of the early Neolithic, including a lot of Ankita-1 and Ankita-2, which will explore the expedition, situated at the foot of the volcano Bohdan Khmelnytsky. It is the most ancient Neolithic monuments known at present on the Kuril Islands. Their age by the method of radiocarbon Dating is defined in 7.5 to 8 thousand years,” — said the Agency interlocutor.
According to her, the results of previous studies of these sites in the summer of 2007 caused a great interest in scientific circles. In this regard, it was decided to continue the study sites by the method of stationary archaeological excavations, the purpose of which is an in-depth study of the processes of settlement of the Kuril Islands in the early Neolithic age, Primorsko adaptation of the ancient population, cultural ties with the peoples of neighboring territories and other topical problems of archaeology of the Kuril.
During this expedition,which will last three weeks, scientists will continue to research dwellings and cultural layers of ancient settlements of Ankita-1 and Ankita-2. Continue reading