The most important archaeological discoveries of the year
Archaeology magazine summed up the year and ranked the most important archaeological discoveries and findings. 1. Revealed the composition of a blue dye of the Maya. This paint used to…

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Ancient buildings of the city of tyritake
The name of the ancient Greek city of tyritake mentioned in the essay Greek writer of the fifth century CE the Pseudo-Arrian, the author of geographical works "Detour Euxine Pontus".…

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In Mexico, archaeologists have unearthed the oldest in America, the burial in the pyramid

MEXICO city. Mexican and American archaeologists have unearthed in the state of Chiapas ancient Mesoamerican burial in the pyramid.

Exploring the settlement of Olmec culture’s most popular locales de corzo, the scientists stumbled upon the burial chamber area of 4×3 square meters, located at a depth of 7 meters under the ground. In ancient times, at this level there was a pyramid with a height of 6-7 m. the discovery from the National Institute of anthropology and history Mexico (INAH) believe that the pyramid was built especially for the repose of the deceased, who apparently belonged to the local elite.

“It was decorated with beads, composed of small and large balls of jade, inlaid with small pearls loincloth, crafts made of jade in various shapes, including jade lizards and vines in a style typical of the Olmec culture, the bracelets on her ankles, knees and hands, mask with eyes of green obsidian and pyrite from the mirror,” – said in a press release from INAH. Teeth men were inlaid with jade and mother of pearl. The skeleton was surrounded by 15 vases: black and white, black and gray, with a tragic story. After conducting numerous tests, scientists have found that the man died at the age of about 50 years at the beginning of the VIII century BC, When the burial was held the sacrifice: zabolottsy child (his skeleton with neatly folded hands, was found near a male) and buried alive a young girl approximately 20 years.

At some distance from the first burial chamber was found a second, smaller area of 2×3 meters In it lay the remains of a woman of the same age with a man buried in the first chamber. If the men’s remains were oriented East, female – West. In the second chamber were rich funerary gifts: the scattering of pearls, amber and jade decorations in the shape of birds and monkeys. Continue reading

HOW DID FOSSILS?

One of the main contentious issues between creationists and evolutionists — how fossils were formed gradually, over millions of years, or as a result of catastrophes on a planetary scale?

The fossils that scientists find in different parts of the globe presented a wide variety of life forms ( Fig. 70 ). It and entire organisms frozen in the ice, and the bones or teeth, hardened as a result of mineralization, and insects trapped deep in the amber, and imprints of leaves or other parts of plants, bones, and animal tracks, etc. are Often preserved parts of the skeleton, but sometimes in the fossils become more and soft tissue.

The process of fossilization seems mysterious to scientists. After all, nobody has been able to reproduce it in the laboratory. Evolutionists assume that the remains of plants and animal remains appeared in different layers of the Earth as a result of a lengthy process. In the textbooks of Geology usually given the following explanation. The mineralization occurs in a gradual accumulation of salts in the tissues. Molecules of organic substances being washed away, replaced by the salts of silicon. As examples tend to be imprints of leaves and feathers of birds, formed by the indentation of objects in the soft silt, which then, after getting hard, turned to stone. It is obvious that animals,corpses have been found completely preserved in blocks of ice, died suddenly.

For a more complete understanding of the process of formation of fossils refer to the examples. It is known that all the dead in our days, living beings decompose. Sleeping fish floats on the surface of the water and gradually starts to succumb to the processes of decomposition. The corpses of the dead animals on land either eaten by predators or decompose rapidly. Dead plants are also destroyed in relatively short periods of time. Continue reading

The ancient Chinese were placed in burials of the bronze utensils to indicate the status of the relatives of the deceased

Archaeologists have proposed an alternative explanation for why ancient Chinese were placed in the graves of bronze and clay utensils. This was done not only to emphasize the status of the deceased, but also to increase the prestige of his heirs in the eyes of other members of the community.

Scientists engaged in the study of ancient Chinese ritual utensils of the bronze age (2100-221 BC), traditionally seen it as a way to establish social status of the deceased. The objects were placed in tombs, can be divided into two groups. First, it is carefully made of clay or bronze ritual vessels “lice”, which could be used with a practical purpose. The largest number was found “lice” refers to the period 1400-150 BC

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The second group of ritual objects are things that due to brittle material or of irregular shape could not be used in life and were made specifically for placement in the grave. To such subjects – “mince” – include, for example, small terracotta figures.

In the burials Dating from the fourth century BC “mince” are often copies of “lice” and are richly decorated pottery vessels, reminiscent of the bronze samples.

Specialisto Chinese bronze and ceramics Joey Beckman from Beloit College (USA, Wisconsin) studied burials in the South of Hubei province, Dating back to IV–III centuries BC and belonged to the Chu Kingdom. The purpose of Professor Beckman was the study of objects placed in graves, and the explanation of the role played by two “sets” of these subjects: “mince and lice”. With the results of her work can be found in the journal Antiquity . Continue reading

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In Kherson region "black archeologists" destroyed Scythian Kurgan
Druzhbivka near the village of Nyzhni Sirohozy district, Kherson region on the road passing villagers found a suspicious fuss in viewscasa in the middle of the Scythian mound. Concerned residents…

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Mysterious archaeological finds – not an uncommon phenomenon
But if some of them are just curious, others rather frightening. Archaeologists - people are not shy, but sometimes from the bowels of the Earth they extract is that shocks…

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