Archaeology comes from two Greek words – “archae” means ancient and “logos” means “knowledge”; thus, “the knowledge or study of antiquities”. Archaeologist is much more than the character of Indiana Jones, chasing around the world looking for old artifacts to place them in the Museum. Archaeology is the science that studies ancient cultures by recovering and documenting materials from the past. Christian archaeology is the science of studying ancient cultures that influenced Christianity and Judaism, and on Jewish and Christian culture. Christian archaeologists trying to discover new things about the past – they are trying to confirm what we already know and to expand our understanding of the manners and customs of the peoples of the Bible.
Biblical texts and other written records are the most important information about the history of ancient biblical peoples that we have. But these records were left unanswered many questions. It is here on the scene of Christian archaeologists. They can fill in the partial picture presented by the biblical narrative. Excavations of ancient garbage dumps and abandoned cities have provided bits and pieces that give us the key to the past. The goal of Christian archaeology to check the most important truths of the old and New Testaments through the physical artifactory peoples.
Christian archaeology was an academic discipline until the nineteenth century. The Foundation of Christian archaeology was founded by such people as Johann Jahn, Edward Robinson, and sir Flinders Petrie. William Albright became the dominant figure in the twentieth century. Exactly Albright drew Christian archaeology to contemporary debates about the origin and authenticity of the biblical narrative. Albright and his students have provided most of the physical evidence described in the Bible historical events. However, today it seems that there are as many archeologists trying to disprove the Bible, and how many of those who proves its accuracy. Continue reading
One of the main contentious issues between creationists and evolutionists — how fossils were formed gradually, over millions of years, or as a result of catastrophes on a planetary scale?
The fossils that scientists find in different parts of the globe presented a wide variety of life forms ( Fig. 70 ). It and entire organisms frozen in the ice, and the bones or teeth, hardened as a result of mineralization, and insects trapped deep in the amber, and imprints of leaves or other parts of plants, bones, and animal tracks, etc. are Often preserved parts of the skeleton, but sometimes in the fossils become more and soft tissue.
The process of fossilization seems mysterious to scientists. After all, nobody has been able to reproduce it in the laboratory. Evolutionists assume that the remains of plants and animal remains appeared in different layers of the Earth as a result of a lengthy process. In the textbooks of Geology usually given the following explanation. The mineralization occurs in a gradual accumulation of salts in the tissues. Molecules of organic substances being washed away, replaced by the salts of silicon. As examples tend to be imprints of leaves and feathers of birds, formed by the indentation of objects in the soft silt, which then, after getting hard, turned to stone. It is obvious that animals,corpses have been found completely preserved in blocks of ice, died suddenly.
For a more complete understanding of the process of formation of fossils refer to the examples. It is known that all the dead in our days, living beings decompose. Sleeping fish floats on the surface of the water and gradually starts to succumb to the processes of decomposition. The corpses of the dead animals on land either eaten by predators or decompose rapidly. Dead plants are also destroyed in relatively short periods of time. Continue reading
Scientists have described findings that shed light on the rites of the ancient inhabitants of Siberia.
Land of the Novosibirsk region has been inhabited by people since ancient times. Here were found traces of a primitive people, the inhabitants of the medieval nomads of the iron age. Thousands of years ago there was a settlement and, perhaps, the ancient city. There was a developed trade network, representatives of different peoples exchanged goods and technologies, fought and organized unions. Some of the findings of scientists from the Novosibirsk Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences shed light on mystery stories, some create new puzzles.
So, in one of the graves of the Siberian warrior was discovered broadsword, rolled three times. According to the Deputy Director of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS, doctor of historical Sciences Michael Shunkov, when the life of a warrior it was a normal weapon with a length of about one meter. After death the body was burned, broadsword, according to the customs, also killed, shattering it.
Many interesting discoveries were made during excavations in the boneyard “Tartas -1” Vengerskom in the area. To date studied more than 600 funerary complexes. Found that people here lived from vremennaia and before the iron age. Most likely, they were different nationalities. This is indicated by a different treatment of the bodies. Found graves with the remains of a body, and with traces of cremation – more recent and complex ritual. Many graves are accompanied by additional burials.
For example, the burial of the person – apparently, the noble warrior is adjacent to two graves of horses. Some graves were plundered. As archaeologists believe, perhaps it was the attempt of his contemporaries to belittle the status of the deceased, outrage over his memory. Continue reading