Björn Menze of mit and Jason Ur from Harvard have developed a computerized method for the detection of ancient settlements based on satellite data and found the network of cities on the territory of modern Syria.
To search for settlements of ancient Mesopotamia on the territory of 23 thousand square kilometers archaeologists have worked in two directions at once. First, they used satellite images in different wavelength ranges to detect the so-called etrozole, – soils formed as a result of human activity and differing in color and higher content of organic substances. Data were processed automatically using a program written by one of the co-authors of the work, björn Menze, a specialist in the identification of tumors on digital images.
Secondly, the archaeologists used a bump map created in the framework of the program the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission using a radiosonde which was carried out in 2000, the Shuttle “endeavour”. Scholars interested in the place of exaltation of the landscape above the surrounding areas, what to maklovitsami about the long construction at this point. Analyzing the amount of elevation, the authors concluded that the duration of the existence of a settlement.
The resulting map contained about 14 thousands of alleged settlements that occurred in the study area over 8 thousand years. Archeologists noted that when comparing map data with the distribution of rivers and areas of heavy precipitation events, failed to detect large settlements that don’t provide sufficient water. A mismatch may affect the current view of archaeologists about the origin of irrigation, they said. Continue reading
New archaeological discoveries suggest that America was first opened back in the stone age, 10 thousand years before the arrival of the Siberian ancestors of the American Indians. To such conclusion scientists came after a series of finds on the East coast of the US, reports The Independent.
At six locations were found stone artifacts of European origin, Dating back 19 to 26 thousand years, three of them are on the Peninsula Delmarva. Maryland was found by the archaeologist Dr Darrin Lowery of the University of Delaware, two more were found in Pennsylvania and Virginia, and the latter was a simple fisherman found 100 kilometers off the coast of Virginia on the ocean floor, which in prehistoric times was dry land.
The similarity between the artifacts found in America and in Europe, it was noted a long time ago. However, before the age of such finds was made 15 thousand years and belonged to the period when the Europeans had not created such products. That is why most archaeologists denied the possibility of communication between the two cultures.
Recently found stone tools belong to the same period as the European, and are in fact identical copies. What’s more, chemical analysis carried out last year on a stone knife found in Virginia in 1971, showed that he was sdelans of flint French origin.
After analyzing all the evidence, Professor Dennis Stanford from the Smithsonian Institute (USA) and Professor Bruce Bradley from Exeter University (UK) suggested that
stone age people during the ice age migrated from Eastern Europe to North America,
moving on the ice or in boats along the frozen North Atlantic ocean. Continue reading
Archaeology Museum of Volgograd state University opened in 1986 on the initiative of the first rector of Volgograd state University M. M. Zagorulko, the Dean of the history Department B. F. Zhelezchikov and head of the Department of archaeology A. S. Skripkin.
The archaeological collection of the Museum Fund are collected mainly by students and teachers of historical faculty during numerous expeditions to different parts of the Volgograd region and represents the materials from different historical eras: from the stone age to the epoch of the Golden Horde.
Originally the Museum of archaeology housed in the auditorium 3-23 B. Designed and created the Museum of the archaeological laboratory staff Buda I. S. A. Mezentsev flying Museum would serve as a lecture room. It held classes in historical disciplines.
In 1989 the archaeology Museum was moved to a larger audience And 2-18 and rebuilt under the project of the art Fund. The Museum exposition has replenished with paleontological materials that were prepared by local historian and paleontologist A. A. Yarkov. Was expanded archaeological artifacts, installed new Windows, made the reconstruction of burials from different ages. In Moscow in the laboratory of M. M. Gerasimov Museum of archaeology bilingualen the physical reconstruction of the external appearance of representatives of archaeological cultures inhabiting the region in different historical period. Continue reading