Björn Menze of mit and Jason Ur from Harvard have developed a computerized method for the detection of ancient settlements based on satellite data and found the network of cities on the territory of modern Syria.
To search for settlements of ancient Mesopotamia on the territory of 23 thousand square kilometers archaeologists have worked in two directions at once. First, they used satellite images in different wavelength ranges to detect the so-called etrozole, – soils formed as a result of human activity and differing in color and higher content of organic substances. Data were processed automatically using a program written by one of the co-authors of the work, björn Menze, a specialist in the identification of tumors on digital images.
Secondly, the archaeologists used a bump map created in the framework of the program the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission using a radiosonde which was carried out in 2000, the Shuttle “endeavour”. Scholars interested in the place of exaltation of the landscape above the surrounding areas, what to maklovitsami about the long construction at this point. Analyzing the amount of elevation, the authors concluded that the duration of the existence of a settlement.
The resulting map contained about 14 thousands of alleged settlements that occurred in the study area over 8 thousand years. Archeologists noted that when comparing map data with the distribution of rivers and areas of heavy precipitation events, failed to detect large settlements that don’t provide sufficient water. A mismatch may affect the current view of archaeologists about the origin of irrigation, they said. Continue reading
June 2, 2015 the staff of Department of protection of reserved territory detained two residents of p. Ibresi during illegal archaeological excavations in Alatyrsky area of the reserve. They had metal detectors, shovels and a range of found artifacts.
Just being on the reserve without specific permission is a violation of the excavations is a violation of double jeopardy, not only a protection regime for the protected areas, and legislation on cultural heritage.
The inspectors drew up a Protocol on violation of a protection regime for the preserve “prisurskiy”.
Violators fully admitted his guilt. The implements used in the Commission of the offence and the seized artifacts. Determined the damages for the damage to the soil cover.
On 4 June in respect of “black diggers” made the decision on administrative punishment. Currently solves a question on transfer of artifacts to cultural institutions, and information about offenders to the national authority for the protection of cultural heritage.
Alexander Sevastyanov, Deputy Director of the environmental protection and ecological safety
Reference from Wikipedia: “Black archeologists” (also “the arch”, “diggers”, “the field researcher”, Continue reading
July 17 TRANS-Baikal territory Governor Konstantin Ilkovsky visited archaeological site in the village of Konduy Borzinsky district. At the archaeological camp, there are about 50 people – scientists, students, schoolchildren, people of different professions, lovers of archeology. The head of the region noted that the region is richly historical and unique archaeological monuments.
“Kandulski Palace is part of the global nomadic culture. Surprised that 800 years ago, people without special tools, using modern technology, was able to mathematically calculate, to design, to process and deliver building material. Unfortunately, we treat such objects are not so carefully as we would like. First, it is not under global archaeological research, and secondly, about these unique monuments knows only a narrow circle of specialists and a wider audience is unaware of them. I am glad that today there is a chief of RAS, Professor, far Eastern Federal University Nikolai Kradin, TRANS-Baikal state University professors, students, pupils. Because they are monuments of Federal importance, the work on the study and conservation must be conducted by the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation jointly with the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation, Continue reading