In the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul, presents rare works of art belonging to ancient civilizations in different regions from Balkans to Africa, from Anatolia and Mesopotamia to Arab Peninsula and Afghanistan that were part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1881, six years after the transfer of the Imperial Museum of antiquities and weapons from the Church. Irina in the pavilion was Repaired its Director was a prominent Turkish intellectual, artist and archaeologist Osman Hamdi Bey (1842-1910). The new Director has actively worked to transform the Museum . resembling just a warehouse of antique items of various values. Under his leadership, the archaeological excavations on the territory of the Ottoman Empire enriched the collection of the Museum many priceless masterpieces.
In 1891 under the order of Osman Hamdi Bey in Istanbul the famous architect, educated in Paris, Alexander Valluri (1850-1921) built a new building of the Archaeological Museum . called the Museum of sarcophagi (Asar-ı-Atika). In 1903, in connection with the increase in the number of exhibits were added the North wing, and in 1907 and South. In the design of the façade of this neoclassical building is clearly traced the motifs of the style of the most famous exhibits is the sarcophagus of Alexander and the Wailers. In one hundred years (1991) to meet the needs of a modern Museum . to the South-Eastern facade of the old Archaeological Museum prystailove, six-story building, first two floors are used as storage. The greatest interest among the exhibits on display in the old building of the Archaeological Museum are the marble sarcophagi of Royal (IV BC) from the necropolis of Sidon (Sidon, Lebanon). This is the sarcophagus of Sidon Abdalonymos called sarcophagus of Alexander the great, because the decorative friezes on its two long sides depict the scenes of battle and hunting with the participation of the great commander. And the tomb of STRATO, called the sarcophagus of the mourning women, because of the abundance of the weeping inmates of the harem of the voluptuous lords. There is also a collection of sculpture from the archaic period to the Byzantine Empire. The results of archaeological excavations in the valley of the Meander, Aphrodisias, Ephesus, Miletus and Manisa. Continue reading
On the territory of the demolished hotel “Russia” found another old street, presumably of the XII century, according to the Institute of archaeology RAS.
During excavations in Zaryadye. where a unique landscape Park, scientists have discovered the oldest street of Moscow Posad – outside Great. It originated at a very early stage of development of the city – perhaps as early as the XII century.
According to Leonid Belyaev, head of the excavations, street led from the Kremlin to the Marina and is one of the oldest construction phase of the city in XII-XIII centuries.
During excavations, archaeologists found many ceramic items of the XV-XVII centuries and architectural details, carved stone 1490-1500, the fragment of a pilaster from the temple or Palace with rare ornamentation in the form of closely woven in a continuous carpet trehpryadnye bands.
We will remind, this summer, archaeologists found a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which according to historical plans lay on the Curve lane. This famous shopping street found in the Eastern part of the future Zaryadye Park.
Here were found the copper coins, crockery, small items of sculpture and even Shoe tips that could be lost by the inhabitants of ancient Zaryadye. Continue reading
Security full-scale rescue excavations of archaeological sites within the area of Olympic construction.
Archaeological excavations included in the project “Protection of Imereti lowland”. In the course of this year planned excavations of the settlements of the early iron age Fun 1, Fun 2, Southern cultures 1 and the early Christian Church, reports RIA Novosti.
Before in the area of monuments construction begins, they need to explore, get all sorts of scientific data, thereby preserving information about the distant past. For this purpose at these sites is necessary to conduct archaeological excavations.
It is interesting that earlier territory of the Imereti lowland was considered not very promising for the archaeological community, but the construction of Olympic facilities has prompted the archaeologists to start the excavation.
“On the territory of Sochi is the first large-scale excavations of the monuments of this time. Them (the excavations) were conducted. In fact, this area in the archaeological value are very poorly studied,” said head of the Sochi group of the Institute of archaeology RAS novel in Passing. Continue reading